Human Tissue Authority

The regulator for human tissue and organs

Roles of the HTA and NHSBT

The HTA's role

Under the Human Tissue Act 2004, any potential donation of a solid organ or part organ for transplantation must be assessed by an Independent Assessor (IA) and a report submitted to the HTA for consideration.

The HTA’s role in living organ donation is to ensure that there has been no reward sought or offered for the organ donation and to provide an independent check to help protect the interests of living organ donors. The HTA ensures each individual donor has an opportunity to speak freely to someone not connected with the transplant unit in order to confirm that their wish to donate is free from any pressure to act against their will and that they understand the nature of the procedure and risks of the surgery.

IAs undertake interviews with donors and recipients to explore whether the requirements of the Human Tissue Act and Transplant Regulations have been met.

The HTA makes the decision whether or not to approve the proposed donation.



NHS Blood and Transplant's role (NHSBT)

NHSBT is responsible for matching and allocating living organs donated through the UK Living Kidney Sharing Schemes. This scheme enables kidneys from non-directed altruistic donors (NDAD) and donors donating through the paired/pooled scheme to be used in a fair and unbiased way, throughout the UK, for the benefit of recipients waiting for a transplant. Every three months NHSBT undertakes a matching run which matches pairs together based on a range of factors. See more information about the UK Living Donor Kidney Sharing Scheme

Last updated on: 8 Oct 2017